Tbilisi (Georgian:თბილისი[tʰˈbiliˌsi]), commonly known by its former name Tiflis, and often mispronounced as Tiblisi, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants. Founded in the 5th century by the monarch of Georgia's ancient precursor Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi has since served, with intermissions, as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Under the Russian rule, from 1801 to 1917 Tiflis was the seat of the Imperial Viceroy governing both sides of the entire Caucasus.
Located on the southeastern edge of Europe, Tbilisi's proximity to lucrative east-west trade routes often made the city a point of contention between various rival empires throughout history and the city's location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's varied history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, classical, and Soviet structures.
The Spring Rhythms. Tbilisi-80 (Russian:Весенние ритмы. Тбилиси-80, Vesennye ritmy. Tbilisi-80) was a musical event held in Tbilisi, capital of the Georgian SSR, Soviet Union, from March 8 to March 16, 1980. It was the first official rock festival in the Soviet Union and is frequently considered the turning point in the history of Soviet and Russian rock music.
The festival was organized by the Georgian National Philharmonic Hall, the Union of Composers of the Georgian SSR, and the Republican Center for Youth Culture at the Georgian KomsomolCentral Committee. The acclaimed Russian musicologist and the first Soviet rock-critic Artemy Troitsky was also heavily involved in organizing the event. The organizers enjoyed the support of Eduard Shevardnadze, the contemporary First Secretary of Georgian Communist Party, who is said to have sought, in this way, to pacify the Georgian youth increasingly involved in nationalist and dissident activities after the April 1978 demonstrations in Tbilisi, and to nurture his image as a liberal leader.
13 (Xinhua) -- Turkey expects freight transport to increase on the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railroad in the coming period when structural obstacles will be completely eliminated, Transport and Infrastructure Minister Adil Karaismailoglu said Wednesday.
Gharibashvili met with Azerbaijani PresidentIlham Aliyev in Baku late last month three weeks after receiving Pashinyan in Tbilisi... “Tbilisi has taken ... It is not clear whether Tbilisi hopes to arrange more such swaps or assist in the opening of Armenian-Azerbaijani transport links.
The lifting of transport quotas and liberalization of transports among Turkic Council countries are of critical importance, said Turkey's trade minister on Friday ... “Regional and holistic efforts should be made to facilitate transportation and reduce transportation costs.”.
...Yerevan and Tbilisi, Armenia’s primary artery to the north ... “They will provide Azerbaijan with strategic advantages, such as the guarantee of safety of the gas pipeline to Georgia and visual observation over transport lines between Yerevan and Tbilisi,” Alili told Eurasianet.
The regular operation of the train, which transports export-import cargo, will help to increase the volume of cargo transported by the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railway, expand the capabilities of this line and increase its competitiveness.